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  • Christian followers, members of a local religious cult, perform a ritual of the demon’s expulsion in a home church in San Salvador, El Salvador, 25 November 2018. A small community of believers gathers every week in an unmarked home church to carry out prayers of liberation, invocations and the so-called evil expulsion rites. Reciting religious formulas through very loud speakers, using manipulative verbal techniques, intimidation and intense charisma, the leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirits to depart a devotee’s mind and body which should bring to a devotee a spiritual relief.

  • Christian followers, members of a local religious cult, perform a ritual of the demon’s expulsion in a home church in San Salvador, El Salvador, 25 November 2018. A small community of believers gathers every week in an unmarked home church to carry out prayers of liberation, invocations and the so-called evil expulsion rites. Reciting religious formulas through very loud speakers, using manipulative verbal techniques, intimidation and intense charisma, the leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirits to depart a devotee’s mind and body which should bring to a devotee a spiritual relief.

  • A Christian follower, the pastor of a local religious cult, preaches to devotees during the religious ritual in a home church in San Salvador, El Salvador, 25 November 2018. A small community of believers gathers every week in an unmarked home church to carry out prayers of liberation, invocations and the so-called evil expulsion rites. Reciting religious formulas through very loud speakers, using manipulative verbal techniques, intimidation and intense charisma, the leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirits to depart a devotee’s mind and body which should bring to a devotee a spiritual relief.

  • Christian followers, members of a local religious cult, cry desperately during the religious exaltation in a home church in San Salvador, El Salvador, 25 November 2018. A small community of believers gathers every week in an unmarked home church to carry out prayers of liberation, invocations and the so-called evil expulsion rites. Reciting religious formulas through very loud speakers, using manipulative verbal techniques, intimidation and intense charisma, the leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirits to depart a devotee’s mind and body which should bring to a devotee a spiritual relief.

  • A Christian follower, a member of a local religious cult, falls to the ground during the religious trance in a home church in San Salvador, El Salvador, 25 November 2018. A small community of believers gathers every week in an unmarked home church to carry out prayers of liberation, invocations and the so-called evil expulsion rites. Reciting religious formulas through very loud speakers, using manipulative verbal techniques, intimidation and intense charisma, the leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirits to depart a devotee’s mind and body which should bring to a devotee a spiritual relief.

  • A Christian follower, a member of a local religious cult, screams during the religious exctasy in a home church in San Salvador, El Salvador, 25 November 2018. A small community of believers gathers every week in an unmarked home church to carry out prayers of liberation, invocations and the so-called evil expulsion rites. Reciting religious formulas through very loud speakers, using manipulative verbal techniques, intimidation and intense charisma, the leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirits to depart a devotee’s mind and body which should bring to a devotee a spiritual relief.

  • A Christian follower, a member of a local religious cult, screams during the religious exctasy in a home church in San Salvador, El Salvador, 25 November 2018. A small community of believers gathers every week in an unmarked home church to carry out prayers of liberation, invocations and the so-called evil expulsion rites. Reciting religious formulas through very loud speakers, using manipulative verbal techniques, intimidation and intense charisma, the leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirits to depart a devotee’s mind and body which should bring to a devotee a spiritual relief.

  • A Christian follower, a member of a local religious cult, screams during the religious exctasy in a home church in San Salvador, El Salvador, 25 November 2018. A small community of believers gathers every week in an unmarked home church to carry out prayers of liberation, invocations and the so-called evil expulsion rites. Reciting religious formulas through very loud speakers, using manipulative verbal techniques, intimidation and intense charisma, the leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirits to depart a devotee’s mind and body which should bring to a devotee a spiritual relief.

  • A Colombian pastor, pressing on a believer's neck, attempts to evict a supposed demon during the exorcism ritual performed at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 10 March 2016. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A Colombian woman cries of pain while being allegedly possessed by demons during the exorcism ritual performed at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 10 March 2016. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A Colombian female pastor reads bible before performing the religious healing ceremony at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 10 March 2016. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A Colombian pastor, pressing a crucifix on a believer's head, attempts to evict a supposed demon during the exorcism ritual performed at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 10 March 2016. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A Colombian woman, held by missionaries, screams of pain while being allegedly possessed by demons during the religious healing ritual performed by pastors of Misioneros Marianos church in Bogota, Colombia, 1 July 2013. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A raised fist of a Christian believer is seen during the religious healing ritual performed by pastors of Misioneros Marianos church in Bogota, Colombia, 1 July 2013. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • Colombian believers pray during the religious healing ritual performed by pastors of Misioneros Marianos church in Bogota, Colombia, 1 July 2013. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A Colombian pastor, pressing on a believer's head, attempts to evict a supposed demon during the exorcism ritual performed at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 28 January 2013. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A Colombian girl screams of pain and fear while being allegedly possessed by demons during the exorcism ritual performed at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 28 January 2013. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A Colombian girl, held by her fellow believer, screams of pain while being allegedly possessed by demons during the exorcism ritual performed at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 28 January 2013. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A Colombian pastor, pressing on believers' heads, attempts to evict supposed demons during the exorcism ritual performed at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 28 January 2013. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A Colombian boy, held by his fellow believers, screams of pain while being allegedly possessed by demons during the exorcism ritual performed at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 28 January 2013. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A Colombian boy, held by his fellow believers, screams of pain while being allegedly possessed by demons during the exorcism ritual performed at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 28 January 2013. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • Colombian women, having joined hands, pray during the religious healing ceremony performed at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 28 January 2013. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • Colombian believers pray during the religious healing ceremony performed at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 28 January 2013. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A Colombian man, having a skin rash disease, prays during the religious healing ritual performed at a house church in Bogota, Colombia, 28 January 2013. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, remains covered by black mud after a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, remains covered by black mud after a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, steps on eggs during a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, lies on the ground surrounded by flowers after a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • A hand of Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, seen during a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Feet of Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, seen tied with ribbons before a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, lies on the ground during a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Hermes Cifuentes, a Colombian spiritual healer, performs a ritual of exorcism on Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Hermes Cifuentes, a Colombian spiritual healer, performs a ritual of exorcism on Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Hermes Cifuentes, a Colombian spiritual healer, performs a ritual of exorcism on Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, cries during a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Hermes Cifuentes, a Colombian spiritual healer, performs a ritual of exorcism on Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Hermes Cifuentes, a Colombian spiritual healer, performs a ritual of exorcism on Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Hermes Cifuentes, a Colombian spiritual healer, helds a crucifix in his hand during a ritual of exorcism in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Hermes Cifuentes, a Colombian spiritual healer, performs a ritual of exorcism on Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Feet of Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, hold wooden crosses before a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, lies on the ground surrounded by flowers during a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, lies on the ground surrounded by flowers during a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Feet of Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, seen covered by black mud before a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • An assistant of Hermes Cifuentes, a Colombian spiritual healer, ties a ribbon around the head of Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, before a ritual of exorcism in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Diana R., who claims to be possessed by spirits, prepares herself for a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Handmade wooden crosses seen during a ritual of exorcism performed by Hermes Cifuentes in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • Hermes Cifuentes, a Colombian spiritual healer, prays before a ritual of exorcism in La Cumbre, Colombia, 28 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • A religious relic, holding a sign recorded in coffee ground, seen at an altar of Hermes Cifuentes, a Colombian spiritual healer, in La Cumbre, Colombia, 27 May 2012. Exorcism is an ancient religious practice of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many pastors and preachers in Latin America performing exorcism ceremonies. The 52-year-old Brother Hermes, as the exorcist calls himself, claims to have been carrying out the healing rituals for more than 20 years. Using fire, dirt, candles, flowers, eggs and other natural-based items, in conjunction with Christian religous formulas, he attempts to drive the supposed evil spirit out of a victim's mind and body.

  • A Mexican girl prays during the exorcism ritual practised at the Church of the Divine Saviour in of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as ‘exorcistas’) performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • Pastor Hugo Alvarez breaks an idol during the exorcism ritual at the Church of the Divine Saviour in Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as ‘exorcistas’) performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman yells desperately during the exorcism rite performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour in of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as ‘exorcistas’) performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican pastor performs the exorcism ritual on a faithful at the Church of the Divine Saviour in Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican man struggles during the exorcism ritual performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour on outskirts of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican man struggles during the exorcism ritual performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour on outskirts of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican man struggles during the exorcism ritual performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour on outskirts of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • The interior of the Church of the Divine Saviour on outskirts of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • The interior of the Church of the Divine Saviour on outskirts of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman womits during the exorcism ritual performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour in of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican pastor examines feet of a girl before the exorcism ritual at the Church of the Divine Saviour in Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican girl prays during the exorcism ritual performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour in of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as ‘exorcistas’) performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman struggles during the exorcism ritual performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour on outskirts of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman struggles during the exorcism ritual performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour on outskirts of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman screams intensively during the exorcism rite performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour in of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman screams intensively during the exorcism rite practised at the Church of the Divine Saviour in of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as ‘exorcistas’) performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman screams intensively during the exorcism rite performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour in of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • Pastor Hugo Alvarez examines an idol during the exorcism ritual at the Church of the Divine Saviour in Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • Pastor Hugo Alvarez prepares the exorcism ritual on a follower of the Church of the Divine Saviour in Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • Pastor Hugo Alvarez performs the exorcism ritual on a faithful at the Church of the Divine Saviour in Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • Pastor Hugo Alvarez performs the exorcism ritual on a faithful at the Church of the Divine Saviour in Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • Pastor Hugo Alvarez performs the exorcism ritual on a follower of the Church of the Divine Saviour in Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • Pastor Hugo Alvarez performs the exorcism ritual on a faithful at the Church of the Divine Saviour in Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as ‘exorcistas’) performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • Pastor Hugo Alvarez performs the exorcism ritual on a faithful at the Church of the Divine Saviour in Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman yells desperately during the exorcism rite performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour in of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman prays after the exorcism ritual performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour in of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman prays after the exorcism ritual performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour in of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman fights with demons during the exorcism ritual performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour on outskirts of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as ‘exorcistas’) performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman yells desperately during the exorcism rite performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour in of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A Mexican woman yells desperately during the exorcism ritual performed at the Church of the Divine Saviour on outskirts of Mexico City, Mexico, 31 May 2011. Exorcism is an ancient religious technique of evicting spirits, generally called demons or evil, from a person which is believed to be possessed. Although the formal catholic rite of exorcism is rarely seen and must be only conducted by a designated priest, there are many Christian pastors and preachers (known as 'exorcistas') performing exorcism and prayers of liberation. Using their strong charisma, special skills and religous formulas, they command the evil spirit to depart a victim's mind and body, usually invoking Jesus Christ or God to intervene in favour of a possessed person.

  • A wooden cross, pointing out a local church, is seen placed above the large outskirts in the south of Bogota, Colombia, 31 May 2010. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.

  • A view of a shanty town in the outskirts of the city, where a majority of house churches and religious communities are located, in Bogota, Colombia, 23 May 2010. Hundreds of Christian belivers, joined in nameless groups, gather every week in unmarked home churches dispersed in the city outskirts, to carry out prayers of liberation and exorcism. Community members and their religious activities are usually conducted by a charismatic pastor or preacher. Using either non-contactive methods (reading religous formulas from bible, displaying Christian symbols and icons) or rough body-pressure-points techniques and forced burping, a leading pastor commands the supposed evil spirit, which is generally believed to come from witchcraft, to depart a person’s mind and body. The demon’s expulsion often consists of multiple rites and may last for several months.